The most popular view of urban infrastructure inte

2022-08-06
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Looking at the integrated development of urban infrastructure from the perspective of electric vehicles and charging networks

Abstract: relying on the construction of a model city with energy transformation and development, the charging and charging networks of electric vehicles will further accelerate the process of "three integration", greatly promote the improvement of energy efficiency and make everyone enjoy sustainable energy; With the breakthrough and development of intelligence, automation and information technology, autonomous driving and wireless charging technology will boost the development of intelligent transportation, so that everyone can enjoy low-cost and convenient transportation

electric vehicles have initiated a major change in the field of energy and transportation. The charging network of electric vehicles integrates the three attributes of energy, transportation and information, making it a leading field for the integration of urban energy, information, transportation and other infrastructure, which will create huge comprehensive value

I. electric vehicle charging network has triple network attribute

energy attribute: electric vehicle charging network is connected to electricity and has energy attribute. Electric swing angle motor vehicle is a mobile energy storage unit. Through the charging network, it can realize two-way interaction with electric energy, which is conducive to improving the flexible regulation ability of electricity, and will become an important terminal for the global energy interconnection in cities

traffic attribute: urban traffic includes static traffic and dynamic traffic. Dynamic traffic mainly includes road resources, while static traffic mainly includes various parking resources. Like traditional gas stations, the charging network will not only integrate with highways, urban trunk roads and urban branches, becoming a part of dynamic traffic, but also further penetrate into various parking lots and stations, closely integrating with static traffic. Charging network has the functions of energy supply, vehicle parking and vehicle service, and is an important part of modern transportation

information attribute: electric vehicles are mobile information interconnection terminals, which can release their own battery capacity, location, user behavior characteristics and other information to the car service platform, and obtain charging network and auxiliary services and other information from the car service; The charging equipment is equivalent to a fixed information interconnection terminal, which can release the parameters, location, service status and other information of the charging pile to the car coupling; In the future, car service can further interact with the information systems of energy interconnection, smart transportation and smart city, and become an important part of the entire urban information system

II. Electric vehicles and charging networks promote the integrated development of urban infrastructure

although the existing energy, information and transportation networks form their own systems, they are generally composed of hub facilities, routing facilities, terminal equipment and other basic physical elements. However, due to many constraints at the conceptual and practical levels, the integration and sharing between different networks is still in a relatively primary stage. As the charging infrastructure naturally has the triple attributes of energy, information and transportation infrastructure, it will gradually form a new pattern of interconnection and integrated development of the three major urban infrastructure networks through the innovative integration of physical elements

first, promote the integration of the three network hub facilities to achieve "three buttons in one". In the future, large and medium-sized electric vehicle charging stations have the potential to realize the integration of the three network hub facilities through unified planning, design and construction with the energy hub of large and medium-sized urban substations, urban large and medium-sized transportation hubs (such as three-dimensional parking lots, bus logistics stations, subway and urban rail transit transfer stations), and urban information and communication hubs (such as large and medium-sized data centers, communication base stations, etc.), which will greatly improve urban land, energy Intensive use of resources

the second is to promote the integration of the three network routing facilities and realize "three-way integration". Energy routing facilities (transmission and distribution lines, underground cables, etc.), traffic routing facilities (expressways, urban trunk roads and sub branches, high-speed service areas and parking lots, etc.) and information routing facilities (communication optical fiber cables, wireless base stations, etc.) will realize the integration and sharing of physical equipment, facilities and channel resources through widely distributed centralized and distributed charging facilities, so as to make energy flow, information flow Logistics in the tangible and intangible space, we are confident to provide consumers with safe and convenient integrated transmission and efficient configuration between plastic materials that can make people's lives more convenient

the third is to promote the integration of three network terminal facilities and realize "three ends in one". Charging terminals in urban parking spaces are important terminals for energy interconnection. In the future, they can also integrate the functions of transportation terminals and information terminals, expand the commercial value of charging terminals, improve service experience, promote new business types, and reduce repeated investment at the terminal level

fourth, promote the interconnection and interworking of three major network data and platforms to achieve "three in one". By opening up the energy service platform, charging information platform and transportation service platform, the three networks and platforms can be seamlessly connected to each other. A smart city information platform with more complete data, more powerful functions and more comprehensive coverage can be built, and the comprehensive optimization of urban energy, transportation and information communication systems can be realized at a higher level, so as to improve the ability of regional energy optimization and allocation, alleviate urban traffic congestion Improve urban information and communication coverage and response speed

III. with the electric vehicle charging network as the platform, the "three" cross-border integration will bring great value to urban development.

at present, in China, the electric vehicle charging network has begun to take shape and become the leading field for the integration and development of the three networks. Facing the future, the three integration development will greatly stimulate people's innovation potential and promote urban transformation and development

help smart transportation. The integration of traffic and information can monitor the urban traffic operation status in real time, so that the travel can dynamically price the toll and congestion charge according to the real-time road conditions. The fusion of energy and information can monitor the power operation status in real time and dynamically adjust the charging service price. Through three integration, after the user sets the travel destination on the electric vehicle, app and other Internet terminals, the car service platform will automatically provide the electric vehicle with the charging strategy to optimize the driving route and journey according to the electric vehicle user destination, idle parking and charging facilities, real-time traffic conditions, dynamic charging service price, dynamic travel price and so on. In the future, it will be combined with the automatic driving technology and wireless charging technology, It can also further improve the efficiency of urban dynamic traffic and static traffic, and improve the travel experience of citizens

support smart energy. Electric vehicles have the dual characteristics of power supply and load, and are a kind of mobile energy storage resources. With the improvement of battery life and the reduction of cost, the two-way interaction between electric vehicles and large power will become possible. The charging and replacing network operator can integrate scattered electric vehicle users and aggregators providing services for electric vehicles (such as 4S stores, power sales companies, etc.). According to the needs of clean energy consumption and stable operation of large electricity, combined with the load status of the distribution station area in the community and the charging status of the vehicle, the car service platform can be used to provide load management services for electricity by optimizing the charging and discharging sequence, power Flow direction, etc., to improve the system's capacity of peak shaving, frequency modulation and absorption of clean energy. The auxiliary income obtained by the charging network operator from electricity will be returned to the electric vehicle in a certain proportion, otherwise the experimental results will be inaccurate to users and electric vehicle service aggregators

promote smart life. Although didi taxi, Shenzhou car rental, express and other applications have greatly enriched people's travel, these operations are all human-oriented. After the integration of the three technologies, with the maturity of artificial intelligence, IOT, automatic charging, automatic driving and other technologies, electric vehicles will be able to separate from the human operator and become an independent entity to automatically participate in the information network. When the electric vehicle completes the current task (e.g. sending people to the destination), the electric vehicle will find the available charging facilities around through the car service platform according to its own energy status and information about the next task, automatically complete energy supply and automatic parking, and automatically drive to the user's location to prepare for the next task after receiving the user's call, which greatly facilitates people's travel and life

Three Integrations promote cross-border innovation. Three integration will greatly stimulate people's innovation potential, create more business models and achieve the effect of "1+1+1 3". Electric vehicles interact with energy, transportation, information and other multi-terminal data. Charging services, value-added services and power market and carbon market trading services will become the three main businesses of charging and switching network operators. While carrying out charging services, with the help of big data technology, we will fully tap the commercial value of data and carry out value-added services such as data product services, platform promotion services and e-commerce. Charging and switching network operators can also integrate with business information and government information to promote the further innovation and development of urban public services and business models

relying on the construction of a model city for energy transformation and development, the charging and replacement of electric vehicles will further accelerate the process of "three integration", greatly promote the improvement of energy efficiency, and make everyone enjoy the sustainable 3.5.1 Mu15, mu20 and mu25 bricks that can be used in foundation and other buildings; Mu10 bricks can only be used for building energy above the damp proof course; With the breakthrough and development of intelligence, automation and information technology, autonomous driving and wireless charging technology will boost the development of intelligent transportation, so that everyone can enjoy low-cost and convenient transportation

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